Mongolia is truly one of the world's last undiscovered travel destinations and the safest country to visit. It is a land where you can experience wide-open spaces, cobalt blue skies, forests, deserts, crystal clear rivers and lakes, and the traditional hospitality of the nomads. Permanent dwellings are few and far between, fences even fewer and the land is owned by the people, like one large National Park. As a tremendous destination to experience the outdoors, Mongolia also boasts of unique history dating back to the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Simply put, it is a land of adventure, horses, nomads, and blue sky.
Mongolia is known to the world as country of “Blue Sky of 4 Seasons “. In Mongolia there are 257 sunny days a year, often with clear cloudless skies.
Along with Southern Siberia this part of Asia has a continental climate, with long, cold, dry winters and brief, mild, and relatively wet summers.
The average summer temperature is +21°C, (+65°F) and winter is –20°C, (-13°F). The average rainfall is 200-220 mm.
Mongolia Weather by the Seasons
November to February are the winter months, temperatures are consistently well below freezing. In January and February the temperature can sink as low as -30°C and will not rise above freezing until April arrives. If a visit is planned at this time then very warm clothes will be a necessity as wind chill is a very significant factor. This season features little but strong winds and snow covered landscape but often days of fine, clear weather will break through where the sun shines down on the snow.
Springtime breaks in March and April and temperatures are generally still below freezing. The locals consider this to be the worst of the year. After a long winter with harsh weather, livestock will be thin and may be close to death. There will be much hardship throughout the region but particularly amongst the nomads.
The summer season starts in May and lasts until August with temperatures peaking in July. This is the most popular season for tourists visiting Mongolia. The month of May might still see some snowfall, but the weather is usually good.
Almost all of the rain in Mongolia falls between the months of June and September; this is due to the influence of the Chinese summer monsoon. The rainfall is heaviest in November causing the rivers begin to swell and greenery to return to the landscape.
September and October see cooler weather throughout Mongolia. When the autumn sets in, changing colours in the forests of the north provide even more appeal to the already spectacular landscape. At this time of year the weather is known to be extremely variable and clothing should cater to pretty broad conditions. There may be occasional snow in the north however travel is generally unaffected.
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