Khamar Monastery was established in the 1820’s by famous 19th century Mongolian educator and literary figure Danzanravjaa. An outspoken critic of the society in which he lived, Danzanravjaa fought against the rigid class and gender distinctions of his day. Under his influence women were especially encouraged to participate in religious activities, Khamar Monastery was unique in 19th century Mongolia as a place where women were accorded greater respect and priviliges than men. Khamar monastery has always been refereed as the energy center. Currently two small ceremonial temples and several religious monuments have been reconstructed, with more than ten lamas now in residence at the monastery.
To the north of the monastery were a series of caves where monks would practice yogic exercises and meditate in isolation for 108 days at a time, hardening their bodies whilst expanding their physical and spiritual powers. Fossilized dinosaur bones, petrified wood, and other rare paleontological remains are widespread in the area surrounding the monastery. Paleontologists working in the region have dug up most notably a skeleton of the herbivorous dinosaur iguanodon, which lived in the Cretaceous period between 80 and 200 million years ago, At its peakKhamriinkhiid monastery consisted of four main sections - East Khuree, west Khuree, Tsokhon and Dunkher - comprising four colleges (datsan) and the children's school, more than eighty temples, and a resident population of over five hundred lamas. The monastery was completely destroyed by the military in 1938 during Mongolian religious purge. Currently two small ceremonial temples and several religious monuments have been reconstructed, with more than ten lamas now in residence at the monastery.