Mongolia is truly one of the world's last undiscovered travel destinations and the safest country to visit. It is a land where you can experience wide-open spaces, cobalt blue skies, forests, deserts, crystal clear rivers and lakes, and the traditional hospitality of the nomads. Permanent dwellings are few and far between, fences even fewer and the land is owned by the people, like one large National Park. As a tremendous destination to experience the outdoors, Mongolia also boasts of unique history dating back to the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Simply put, it is a land of adventure, horses, nomads, and blue sky.
Capital City Ulaanbaatar
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Ulaanbaatar is situated between four mountains: Bogda Khan Uul, Chingeltei Uul, Bayanzurkh Uul and Songino Khairkhan of the Khentii mountain chain, stretching from the Altan Tevsh valley of the Tuul basin, at an altitude of 4,921 feet (1,500m) above sea level latitude 47° 57' north and longitude 106° 55'. According to the Constitution of Mongolia "Ulaanbaatar is the capital city of Mongolia", and the country's main political, economic, industrial, scientific and cultural center.
Most of the city spreads from East to West along the main road, Enkh Taivny Orgon Choloo, also known as Peace Avenue. The center is Sukhbaatar Square, often simply known as 'the Square'. Sprawling suburbia is limited by the four majestic mountains that surround the city. The river to the South, the Tuul Gol, also somewhat limits the growth of suburban expansion.
Useful landmarks include the Trade & Development Bank building to the North-West of the Square, the twin towers of the Bayangol Hotel to it's South, and on top of the hill immediately to the South, the Zaisan Memorial. Around the Square are the Central Post Office and the Palace of Culture, and two blocks West of the Square is the State Department Store. Central Ulaanbaatar is defined by two ring roads; Baga Toiruu (Eittie Toiruu) and Ikh Toiruu (Big Toiruu).
The city is divided into six major districts, but there's a multitude of subdistricts and microdistricts. Mongolians rarely use the Western system of street names and numbers, so tracking down an address place can be difficult.
In 1926, there were 27,021 people living in Ulaanbaatar, whereas today, it's population is 668.8 thousand (1998), which accounts for 27.7 percent of the total population of Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar produced 75 percent of the total electricity in 1998 and 41.5 percent of the total domestic products of the state originated in Ulaanbaatar. The population of Ulaanbaatar enjoy better living conditions if compared with other parts of Mongolia. In 1970, there were 59 secondary schools with 54,000 pupils. Today the number stands at 115 schools with 139,948 pupils. The number of physicians and hospital beds per person is higher than across the rest of Mongolia. According to the statistics of 1970, there were 41 physicians per 10,000 persons, and the number stood at 212 in 1998. There are many theatres (opera, drama, puppet and children's), museums (historic, natural and art galleries) and historic monuments and sites in Ulaanbaatar. State organizations of all levels, foreign embassies and international agencies are located there. With the establishment of new socio-economic relations, the role of the capital city in the development of Mongolia has dramatically increased. Considerable developments took place in the foreign relations of the city. Now Ulaanbaatar has friendly relations with foreign cities such as St. Petersburg in Russia, Denver and Colorado, USA, Tokyo, Osaka and Sapporo in Japan, Munich in Germany, Florence in Italy, Tiangjin in China, Ankara in Turkey and Seoul in Korea.Must See Attractions
The Gandan Monastery is the largest and most significant Tibetan-style monastery in Mongolia and one of Ulaanbaatar’s most interesting sights. . Built in the mid 19th century and it currently has over 200 monks in residence. The Migjid Janraisig Temple is an important part of Gandan Monastery. The temple houses features a 26-meter-high majestic gilded statue of Migjid Janraisig.
Mongolian National Museum
This museum presents Mongolian history and culture from prehistoric times to the present day. Exhibitions cover prehistory, pre-Mongol Empire history, Mongol Empire, Mongolia during Qing rule, ethnography and traditional life, and twentieth-century history. The ethnographic collection has significant displays of the traditional dress of various Mongolian ethnic groups and of snuff bottles.
Chingiss Khaan’s Square & Parliament House
The Genghis Square lies at the heart of the city surrounded by theaters, government buildings and banks. There is a bronze statue of Sükhbaatar astride his horse, who is hero of the revolution, declared Mongolia’s final independence from the Chinese. The square now features . Another site of interest is the large construction site of massive bronze statues of Genghis Khan and his four warriors in front of Parliament House.
Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs
Mongolia is the country of dinosaurs; many world famous fossils such as complete fossils, eggs, fighting dinosaur etc from Gobi Dessert. Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs is newly operated from 2014, aimed to preserve cultural heritages, to document registered items and promote paleontology discoveries for public viewing.
Tumen Ekh Ensemble – Cultural Show
Tumen Ekh ensemble is Mongolia’s premier traditional performance group; featuring folk song, traditional music, dance and contortion. Tumen Ekh ensemble is one of the most successful folk art groups to share traditional Mongolian music with the world, having traveled to over 40 countries. The music of Mongolia expresses vastness, freedom and life in harmony with nature and the environment.
Bogd khan Palace Museum
Bogd Khaan Palace Museum – The complex was built between 1893 and 1903 dedicated to the 8th Bogd Javzandamba, the head of Mongolian religion. The palace museum consists of seven Summer Prayer temples and the winter palace. The collections of the museum include unique and valuable objects related to Mongolia’s political, religious, and artistic history from the 17 to early 20-th centuries.
Choijin Lama Temple Museum
Built in the first decade of the 20th century for the younger brother of the last religious ruler of Mongolia who was also the state oracle. The temple/museum is situated in the center of Ulaanbaatar. It has a fine collection of arts and religious relics, including tsam masks and costumes used in religious dances. It is known as one of the most beautiful monasteries in Mongolia.
Zaisan Hill – Memorial Statue
Zaisan Memorial Hill (or Zaisan Tolgoi) is located in the south side of Ulaanbaatar City, right beside the Bogd Khan Mountain having a best view of the city and surrounding hills. There are a 15 m high golden-yellow standing statue of Buddha besides the hill and a memorial statue on the top of the hill honoring soviet soldiers who fought against Japanese invaders in the territory of Mongolia and Manchuria in 1939 – 1945.
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You can visit beautiful places not far from the capital city of Mongolia. There are many historical places, statues and national parks around the city. Such as Hustai National Park where you can see Prejaevalski horse, Terelj National Park, Tsonjin Boldog Statue, Chinggis Khaan Statue and 13th century complex.Must See Attractions
Chinggis Khaan statue
Chinggis khaan statue complex is located 54km from Ulaanbaatar among beautiful natural scenery on the bank of river Tuul, in the place called "Tsonjin Boldog", memorial place connected with historic events. The statue of Chinggis khaan is 40m high (131 feet), made of stainless steel and was erected in 2008. The base of 36 columns is said to represent the 36 great Khaans (Mongol kings) with the entrance gate to the complex being decorated with statues of the nine generals (noyons) of Chinggis khaan. Chinggis Khaan is holding a tashuur - a form of whip used by Mongolia's herders and horsemen. Why "Chinggis Khaan" holding a whip? It is said that the statue is located where Chinggis khaan found the golden whip that inspired his future conquests (one legend states that he found the golden whip when he was traveling to the Khereid tribe to ask for help. Chinggis khaan felt this was a message from Tiger (the god of the Eternal Blue Sky) and it motivated him to achieve his wish of becoming ruler of the Mongol clans). There are restaurants and souvenir shops and the exhibition hall.
Gorkhi Terelj national park
Terelj National Park is one of the most visited and interesting national parks of Mongolia. It is connected with Ulaanbaatar by a paved road with 70km. The National Park is by its natural beauty, forested alpine mountains and interesting rock formations (Massive woolsack weather conditions) very well known. Highlights: Turtle Rock, Meditation temple Ariyabal and visit local nomadic families. During the summer there are great opportunities for hiking, horseback riding, rock climbing, flower and bird watching.
Hustai national park
The 90,000 hectare Hustain Huruu National Park, set 60 miles southwest of Ulaanbaatar, is home to the world's only naturally surviving wild horse. The Przewalski horse (or takhi in Mongolian) has been successfully reintroduced into the wild and has a light yellow coat and a short, stiff black mane. Each horse is approximately 250cm long, 146cm tall and weighs on average 300kg. Hustai has unique landscape that features mountain steppe and steppe, also there are sand dunes representing Gobi of Mongolia and River wetlands. National park has 450 species of vascular plants, 200 of which are medicinal. On the territory of Hustai National Park and it is butter zone there are many historical there are many historical monument ensemble of Ungut- famous with it is large number of man like figures, which belongs to 6-8 th century AD and many other sepultures, rectangular tombs and the ruin of old monastery.
13th century Historical Park
13th Century Theme Park is built and established in real time micro kingdom of the 13th Century to make the real experiences for the tourists during their stay by genuinely providing true environment of the way of living. Within this country, the rule of the law is strong and there is no television, electricity and phones are allowed for the real experience. Visitors can enjoy annual celebration and customs such as: making felt cover for Gers, sling wool, a sacred ceremony to praise flag, heaven by sacrificing, wedding, weeping camel, mare milking, sealing folks and organizing three games of men. Guests can: dine with Khans and Queens, visit the residents of lords and, learn to write in Mongolian scripts and, play in horse-headed fiddle /Morin khuur/.
Bogd Khan national park
Mt. Bogd Khan national park is one of the oldest national parks in the world, protected since 1783.The main entrance to the National Park is 45 kilometers to the south west of the Ulaanbaatar city. In summers, meadows between woods are covered with a number of different types of flowers, most of which are popular edelweiss, producing colorful scenery. There are many hiking routes; the highest peak of Tsetsee Gun is one of the lovely routes by hikers.
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One of the most popular travel routes in Mongolia is the Gobi desert, the habitat of the rarest animals and a unique natural landscape. The Gobi Desert is a vast zone of desert and desert steppe covering almost 30 percent of the Mongolian territory. The area is often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world. In reality, most part of the Gobi Desert is a land of steppes, sands, mountains and it is the home for camel breeders rich with wildlife and vegetation. Wild asses, camels, snow leopards, mountain sheep and gazelles flourish here, as do different types of flora. Dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved here to the present day.Must See Attractions
Khongor Sand Dunes
This is a Mongolian largest sand dune reaching a height of 800 meter in some highest areas. The sand dunes in Sevrei sum, South Gobi aimag, are called Khongoryn Els. These dunes are 20 km wide and 100 km long. The Khongoryn River flows along the sand dunes and gives birth to oases. The sand dune change the color with each hour of one day, from yellow to silver to rise colored at dawn / sundown. This dune is considered one of the biggest dunes with it is length of 180 km and width of 3-5 km. The dunes make sound like plane engine in a windy day so it has been named as "Singing Dunes".
Bayanzag /Flaming cliffs/
Bayanzag / Flaming cliffs – first discovered by Roy Chapman Andrews, famous American explorer in the 1920, flaming cliffs of Bayanzag are an important site for both archeological and paleontological finds. Complete dinosaur skeletons, including One-horned dinosaur (protocertops) and Egg-thief (Oviraptor) and numerous eggs were excavated in ravines between the red flaming cliffs, which look like fire in the middle of the desert from distance. Activities: desert expeditions, camping, trekking, paleontology
Yoliin Am canyon – One of the best-known travel destinations in the Southern Gobi is Yoliin Am canyon, known as Eagle Valley, which is a part of the Gobi Gurvan Saikhan Mountain National Park (meaning “Three Beautifies of the Gobi”). But in fact, Yol means Lammergeyer, one of the most endangered bird species of prey. Sheltered by high cliff walls on both sides of the canyon, thick ice gorges remain frozen even on summer’s hottest days. Activities: camping, mountain climbing, trekking, wildlife viewing.
Baga gazriin chuluu - Small Rocky Formation
The 1751-meter high granite stone mountains in the territory of Adaatsag soum, Dundgobi aimag /Middle Gobi province/, is another place with unique scenery that many tourists compare with lunar scenes. The mountain contains remains of old temples. They are not only rich in minerals, crystals but also eyes spring, old stone temple ruins related with 17th century.
It is a ruin of big monastery of BariYonzon Khamba on the bank of the Ongiin River. This monastery has 28 temples and other buildings on the south slope of the Rocky Mountain like Balsa country and stupas haven't broken. This monastery had about 1000 lamas. Which itself was badly destroyed during the Stalinist purges in 1930s. All the temples were destroyed by Stalin's thugs. Since 1994 people rebuilt one Temple. Now there are 10 lamas studying.
Gobi Camel Herder Nomads
Visiting camel herder’s family, explore their unique nomadic lifestyle which has not changed for centuries. Its chance to try drinking Hormog (fermented Mongolian camel milk) when visiting a herder family in their Ger. There is great opportunity to ride a Bactrian camel.
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Central Mongolia is includes the most visited areas in countryside. This region has many historical sights , natural wonders in Mongolia’s heartland, particularly in the Orkhon River Valley, known as Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape, which is an encompasses an extensive area of pastureland on both banks of the Orkhon River and includes numerous archaeological remains. It was registered by UNESCO in the World Heritage List as representing evolution of nomadic pastoral traditions spanning more than two millennia.
Another main part is Arkhangai province – has astounding scenery; wide rivers full of fish, several volcanoes and volcanic lakes, extensive forests, and pastures where yak thrive. It also boasts the stunning lake Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur, the ruins of several ancient kingdoms.Must See Attractions
Kharkhorin and Erdene Zuu Monastery
Former capital of Chinggis Khan, was founded 1220 in the Orkhon valley, center of the empire for more then 140 years, destroyed in 1391 by Chinese troups. Only two turtles of granite can be seen nowadays. The first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia, Erdene Zuu, was founded on the ruins of the old capital in the year 1586. It is surrounded by a quadratic wall (420m long on each side) with 108 stupas. In 1792, it housed 62 temples and 10.000 lamas. During communist area nearly destroyed, it contains today 3 temples, one stupa and some smaller buildings but became active monastery again and open for visitors. This is the place to "learn about religious and cultural traditions of Mongolia".
Orkhon waterfall (also, called Ulaan Tsutgalan Waterfall) is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Central Mongolia. The height of the waterfall is about 20m (65 feet). The waterfall is located in a beautiful Orkhon river valley with volcanic rocks which listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites for its historical value related to Great Mongolian Empire. There is opportunity to experience their way of life, their culture and traditions. The area is ideal for fishing, horse riding, cycling and photography.
Elsen Tasarkhai Sand Dunes
Elsen Tasarkhai magnificent dunes are surrounded by hills with willow trees, streams and bushes, and appear as a small desert in the center of the country. This sand dune is 80km long and the widest part of the sand dune is 9-10 km. Visitors can hire horses and camels to ride around the dunes.
Khorgo terkhiin tsagaan nuur national park
It was established to protect the spectacular mountain scenery and endangered species of flora & fauna. It's surrounded by the Khangai Mountains, which reach 3000 meters above the sea level. Over a comparatively small area where there are a dozen or so extinct volcanoes. In the craters, some of them are very tiny crystal- clears lakes. The Khorgo crater, situated at an altitude of 2.210 meters with a diameter of 20 meters and a depth of 70 to 80 meters, is the most interesting at all. There is no lake in this crater, but clouds of a steam jet out it is crevices forming ice molds in winter, which from a distance look like large flocks of sheep scattered on the mountain. Near the crater, there are dozens of small caverns with stalactites hanging from their ceiling and walls. Some time in past volcanic lava flooded the valleys nearby which are covered today with small woods and a great variety of berries and flowers. In the woods, there are lots of deer, wild goat, and other animals, as well as various kinds of birds. Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake An immense mass of white-hot lava once blocked the bed of the River Terkh and it is water formed Lake Terkhiin Tsagaan, which is 16 kilometers in length, 20 meters in depth, and 61 square kilometers in this area. It is situated at an altitude of 2.060 meters. River Suman, cascading from the lake in stormy torrents, pierced through the rocks to form a canyon and several small lakes. The waters of the river are so turbulent that they do not freeze in the severest winter frosts. In the middle of the lake, there is volcanic Island is covered with nests made of the fragrant grass Sam Khan. Here all day long you hear the hum and cries of birds and the quacking of ruddy shell duck and many types of ducks and geese &. Red deer, Siberian deer, wild bear, Great Cormorant is common in summer, nesting around the lake.
Tuvkhun Monastery was built in 1654 by Saint Zanabazar who was a great sculptor and one of the biggest representatives of Buddhism in Mongolia. The monastery is located on the densely forested and picturesque Rocky Mountain at an elevation of 2000m above sea level. There is a small cave near the temple known as “Mother Cave”; it is believed that by crawling into this cave, turning about, and re-emerging, one can be symbolically reborn as a pure individual. Today, there are special formation of rocks which are called womb and cradle, symbolizing rebirth, besides 4 temples and 2 stupas. Several monks live at the monastery year around.
Navel Eight Lakes - Naiman Nuur National Park
Naiman Nuur (Eight Lake) National Park is located in the province of Ovorkhangai, in the Khangai range, and it has the typical landscapes of the Mongolian high mountains with their large forests of larches. The area of Naiman Nuur, “Eight lakes”, formed behind the volcanic eruptions that occurred all along the centuries. The park is 2400 metres (1,5 mile) above the sea level. An area of 11.500 hectares has been protected as a National Park since 1992. The lakes are located about 35 kilometres (22 miles) Southeast Orkhon waterfalls, but the track is impassable. This way is accessible only to hikers and horsemen/women who will enjoy an exceptional nature, whereas the jeeps will have to skirt round the mountains by Bat Ulzii (130 kilometres, 81 miles), or even by the track to Khujirt (260 kilometres, 162 miles) in case of heavy rain.
Ugii Lake is 1.337 meters above the sea level in Ugii soum in the Arkhangai aimag. It covered 25 square kilometers and is known for its reach bird and fish diversity. The fish population is represented by pike, catfish, barscharten, which are the most common types providing enough fish for industrial fishing. Fifty to eighty tons are caught annually. Among the birds, it is not rare to spot at Swan Goose, White Spoonbill, and Dalmatian Pelican.
Tsenkher Hot Springs
Tsenkher hot springs are located 30 km south of Tsetserleg city in a beautiful forested mountain valley. The +86.5″C hot spring water is supposed to have curative properties for arthritic joints and other ailments. There are well developed and equipped resorts and the area is an ideal place for bird-watching, hiking and riding.
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Western Mongolia – Far western part of Mongolia is the most beautiful, but the least travelled destination. It is home to the world rare wild species, numerous ethnic groups and snow capped majestic mountains. Kazakh people, famous for their hospitality and generosity, take pleasure in poetry and music. Over three hundred Mongolian Kazakhs now practice the art of eagle hunting, a sport that goes back two thousand years.
Highlights: Kazakh people, Eagle hunters, Golden Eagle festival, hiking and climbing at Altai Tavan Bogd Mountains.Must See Attractions
Meet Kazakh People, Experience Life As An Eagle Hunter
Of course, the highlight of our trip is meeting the Kazakh people and their true friend Golden Eagles. Rise bright and early for a full day with nomads! For centuries, Nomadic tradition have survived off the land, relying on their livestocks for transport, milk, cheese, meat, and even materials like dung for fuel, antlers for tools, and hair for clothes. The nomad herders are extremely hospitable and enthusiastic about sharing their way of life. Riding and milking livestocks are must-try activities — and we might discover a natural nomadic herder among us!
Golden Eagle Festival
Travel Mongolia and enjoy Golden Eagle Festival with us! This unforgettable festival displays the best Kazakh hunters’ supreme skills and therefore you can witness an art of the man and bird friendship at the same time. For last few years, local Kazakh people who lives in Bayan-Ulgii province, organize an important celebration for the benefits of next generation local community and international falconry. Eagle Hunting Festival, a colorful and picturesque event attracting the best hunters and birds in early October. The Golden Eagle Festival became one of the main events to captivate photographers, researchers and travelers to Mongolia. This unforgettable festival displays the best Kazakh hunters’ supreme skills and therefore you can witness an art of the man and bird friendship at the same time.
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park is located on the Western most point of Mongolia in Bayan-Ulgii Province. This vast mountainous park borders China and Russia with views of Kazakhstan from the highest peak in Mongolia. The snow-capped Kuiten Mountain, 4374 m (14,201 ft), is the highest of the five peaks of Tavan Bogd Mountains (literally ‘5 Saints’) that gives the park its name. It covers an area of 630,000 hectare and is home to three large freshwater lakes and 34 glaciers, plus several waterfalls. The largest, Pontuninii Glacier, covers 23 sq km. Tavan Bogd Mountains is considered sacred to local Kazakhs, Tuvans, and Mongolians. Also, there are over 10.000 of petroglyphs (Rock paintings) in 15 km of river valley which is registered in World Heritage Site, UNESCO.
It is a one of the Mongolian largest lakes, covering 1.406 square kilometers. It is 75 kilometers long, 31 kilometers wide and 80 meters deep. The lake surface is at 1.028 meters above the sea level. The water is brackish. And has rare fish such as Mongolian Grayling.
Ulaagchiin Khar Lake
Ulaagchnii Khar Nuur lake is considered as one of the oldest lakes in the world, surrounded by golden sand dunes and snow caped Mt. Otgon Tenger. The lake has been protected as Strictly Protected Area since 2010 and one of the most unique nature scenery and fresh water Lake of Mongolia. In July there is an amazing festival is held on the shore of the lake, Called Nomadic Culture Festival. Local nomads who gather from nearby region and celebrate this festival to show their heritage and culture so you can take a journey back to the ancient time to experience what the nomads practiced and what their unique culture was. Photographing around Ulaagchiin Khar Lake is one of the should do activities, you can take amazing captures such as competitions, performances and shows of Nomadic Culture festival along with beautiful natural scenery.
Khurgan and Khoton Lakes
The Khoton and Khurgan Lakes are second largest and clearest of all lakes in Mongolia. The average depth is 26 m, the maximum depth is approximately 58 m. The landscape around the lakes is stunning: with forests and the snow-capped Altai Mountains. Khoton and Khurgan Lakes are home to the grayling (thymallus arcticus) and the lenok (brachymystax lenok). The lakes are located in an intermontane tectonic depression in the northern portion of the Mongolian Altai Region. The lakes themselves, as well as the mountain rivers which feed the lakes, offer excellent sport fishing in a rugged and virtually unpopulated area. Surface area is 50.1 km2; the average depth is 26.6 m; the maximum depth is approximately 58 m. Khoton lake has one island which is covered by woods. The system of Khoton and Khurgan lakes, connected by a wide channel, is the source of the Hovd river which drains the whole Mongolian Altai. Lake Khoton was formed by glacier blockages. Khurgan lake is the lowest point of Altai Tavan Bogd National park.
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Northern Mongolia is a main travel destination of Mongolia.
The highlight of Mongolia’s Northern provinces, an alpine region bordering the forests of Siberia, is pristine Khuvsgul Lake, known as Mongolia’s “dark blue pearl and Darkhad valley – there are over 200 lakes surrounded by high mountains covered with forest and extensive marshland, which is a home of reindeer people -Tsaatan ethnic minority.
Many ethnic groups of Mongolia live in this region. Especially you can see tsaatan (reindeer herders) people’s life. Also there are many unique cultural, historical and natural sights.Must See Attractions
Meet Tsaatan people /Last True Reindeer Herders/
Of course, the highlight of our trip is meeting the Tsaatan nomads and their friendly reindeer. As one of the few remaining indigenous groups of reindeer herders, the Tsaatans are a disappearing culture. Staying with them is a priceless opportunity to experience their way of life while it’s still around.
Khuvsgul Lake National Park
Khuvsgul Lake National Park is one of the major tourist attractions in Mongolia. This lake is known as the second clearest water lake in the world after Baikal Lake in Russia. Water is crystal clear so that you can see the bottom of the lake when you are sailing. The lake is 136 kilometers long, 36 kilometers wide, 262 meters deep from its surface to the bottom and make up over 1% of the world’s fresh water. Khuvsgul lake is surrounded by majestic mountains covered with thick pine and larch forests where the unique wildlife of the region flourishes. There is an excellent opportunity to become acquainted with the lifestyle and traditions of reindeer breeders who live in the mountain forests close to the lake.” Highlights: The Lake is ideal for kayaking, boating, fishing, horseback riding, trekking, birding, camping, wildlife viewing, and photography.
Extinct volcano of Uran Togoo Mountain
Uran Togoo National park’s main highlight is Uran Uul extinct volcano is located on the half way point between the two major travel destinations-the Khuvsgul Lake and Amarbayasgalanr Monastery. The crater of Uran Uul volcano is about 600 meters in diameter and 50 meters in depth and has small lake at the bottom of it.
The Amarbayasgalant Monastery is located 360 km north of Ulaanbaatar is one of the favorite destinations for visitors. It can be reached by jeep or by a combination of local train and motor vehicle ride. Built in 1727-1736, the Monastery was the second most important in Mongolia after Erdene Zuu Monastery in Kharkhorin. The Monastery established in 1727-1736 dedicated for Mongolian Religious First Bogd Gegeen. There were 27 kinds of big and small temples. According to the Mongolian History in the 17th -19th-century Amarbayasgalant was a Mongolian greatest pilgrimage Buddhist Center. There were about one thousand lamas living chanted, studied in this Monastery. According to the history Amarbayasgalant was sacked during the repressions of in1930-1940. In 1996 it was nominated by UNESCO as a Heritage Site. After 65 years monks organized the "Tsam" Religious dance first time in Amarbayasgalant Monastery in 2002.
Uushig Deer Stone Monument
Uushig Deer Stone Monument – A deer-decorated stones in Uushigiin uver of Khuvsgul province considered as most clearly depicted deer stones in Mongolia. These deer stones were aligned from north to south in a single column. Each stone is 3-20m distant from each other and made of tetrahedral granite stone in reddish color. A deer, an arch, a shield, a horse, a knife, the moon, the sun and a mirror figured belt were engraved on the stones.
People in Khuvsgul most commonly practice shamanism and some of the most powerful shaman live in this area. The shamanism rituals is based on the view that besides the visible world the shaman interacts with many other worlds or universes, and that contacting the spirits is an imporant part of shamans’ work. Every day, month, and year shamans constantly do their work with poetic invocation, music, dance, and creative arts. Today northern Mongolian groups Darkhad, Tsaatan, Hotgoit, and Buryat ethnic group’s shamans still maintain the ancient shamanic traditions.
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Khentii, eatern Mongolia is the birthplace of the Great Emperor Chinggis Khaan. It is situated in a region of great natural beauty, yet only a day’s (331 km) drive from the capital city Ulaanbaatar. It borders in the north with the Russian Federation.
Genghis Khan’s birthplace- Temuujin (Genghis Khan) was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise. He came to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of northeast Asia. After founding the Mongol Empire and being proclaimed “Genghis Khan,” he started the Mongol invasions that resulted in the conquest of most of Eurasia.
Highlights: There are many monuments and historical places involved with Chingiss Khaan, Baldan bereeven Monastery…Must See Attractions
Meeting Buryat People /Majority of Eastern Mongolians/
The Buryat people are very similar to the Khalkh, descendant of the Mongols who historically lived in the area of Lake Baikal and first became part of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century. There is still debates among researchers on origin of the name Buryat. However, The most likely theory states that the name came from the word bury, meaning wolf, and bury-ata means wolf-father. Nowadays, Buryat People spread throughout between countries of Buryatia, Russia, Mongolia and China.
Khukh Lake-Blue Lake
The full name of the lake is the Blue Lake /Hoh Nuur/ of Black Heart. Black Heart is the pointed topped mountain on the north side of the lake. Blue Lake is a very important place in Mongolian history particularly of Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan). Here Temuujin (Chinggis Khaan’s childhood name) was given the title, “Chinggis Khaan”, and was invested as a “The Great Khaan of all Mongolia” in 1189. The stone ruins of a ger with a diameter of 15 meters on the south side of this lake could be the ruins of the palace ger where Chinggis Khaan was proclaimed khaan. There are also wooden statues in the forest dedicated to Chingis Khaan and the next 32 khaans of Mongolia. The surrounding area of Khukh Nuur is quiet, peaceful and wonderful for hiking & relaxation.
Deluun Boldog – The Birthplace of Chingiss Khaan
Chingiss Khaan was born into the family of Yesugei Baatar in 1162 at a place called Deluun Boldog by the Onon river in Dadal soum of Khentii aimag. Beginning from 1185, Temuujin directed a military campaign to unite the Mongolian people, which was at that time divided into more than 80 feuding ethnic clans. Finally in 1206 the Great Mongol Empire was established and Temuujin was declared Genghis Khan which meant “Great Khaan”. There are two monuments dedicated to Genghis Khan. One is a large rock in Deluun Boldog with an inscription in old Mongol script marking the birthplace of the Great Khaan. The other monument was inaugurated in 1962 to commemorate the 800th anniversary of Genghis Khan’s birth. It is a life-size figure of Genghis Khan carved on a white stone in the shape of mountain peaks engraved with old Mongol script.
Khan Khentii Mountain National Park
His is the native land of Genghis Khan and contains many important historical and cultural sites. The park is a landscape of transition from Siberian taiga forest to grass steppe. Khan Khentii Mountain National Park is one of the Mongolian natural and historical treasures, declared by UNESCO as a world heritage site. Khan Khentii is covered with forests, taiga, and mountain forest steppe. It is the land described in "The Secret History of Mongols", a literary monument of the nation, and is a protected area located northeast of the capital city. The highest peak of the mountain range is "Asralt Khairkhan", which is 2799 m above sea level.
Baldan Bereeven monastery
Baldan Breeven Monastery is located in small but beautiful valley in the Khan Khentii Mountains, 300 km northeast from Ulaanbaatar. The history of the monastery began in the late 1700s, when His Lofty Noble Holiness Zanabazar sent a group of monks to find a suitable place to establish a monastery in the east of the country. In their search the monks discovered a valley in an extraordinary geographical position, with auspicious omens such as rocks shaped in the form of powerful animals. Construction of the monastery was completed in the 1780s and it became the Buddhist center of the east. Besides that, local people believed that the monastery was the holiest place in the world to go to for a pilgrimage to purify oneself from evil deeds. The monastery was completely destroyed during the 1930s and later reconstructed.
Vast Grassland Menen Steppe
Menen Steppe – The biggest plain area of Mongolia is Menen steppe located in Dornod province. The steppe is located in the west of Buir Lake and is over 90 km long and over 60 km wide. This is the big steppe in the world which has kept its native land and there are a plenty of pasture plants, antelopes, wolves as well as rare animals. Usually Mongolian antelopes graze and hundreds of them flock and pass winter here. You can see the beauty of the steppe where the perennial, nutritious and segmented grass swings in the Menen steppe. You will feel to exclaim what a grass sea. The eastern region aimags are the home to Mongolian antelopes which have now become very rare in the world. The halves of the antelopes out of three millions in Mongolia flock only in Dornod province. It is impossible to separate native feather grass, huge flock of antelopes and famous Menen Steppe.